The answer to this common question is no.
Muscle soreness or lack there of is not an indicator of the success of your workout. Remember the goal of each weight training workout is to overload the muscle with a heavy weight (Max-OT style) and therefore initiate the best muscle growth response.
You have probably found there are certain muscle groups that always get a little sore and some muscle groups that never do. I think this is normal based on my own experience and the feedback from many others. I wouldn't put much stock into it one way or the other.
As you go forward with your workouts I would suggest not placing emphasis on your degree of muscle soreness and certainly don't use it to gauge the success of your workout.